Apollo 1 (initially designated AS-204) was the first manned mission of the U.S. Apollo manned lunar landing program. The planned low Earth orbital test of the Apollo Command/Service Module never made its target launch date of February 21, 1967, because a cabin fire during a launch rehearsal test on January 27 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 34 killed all three crew members—Command Pilot Virgil I. “Gus” Grissom, Senior Pilot Edward H. White II, and Pilot Roger B. Chaffee—and destroyed the Command Module (CM). The name Apollo 1, chosen by the crew, was officially retired by NASA in commemoration of them on April 24, 1967.
A United Launch Alliance Atlas V 551 will launch the U.S. Navy’s third Mobile User Objective System (MUOS-3) satellite Tuesday, January 20, 2015, from Space Launch Complex-41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida.
The Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) is a next-generation narrowband tactical satellite communications system designed to significantly improve ground communications for U.S. forces on the move. MUOS will provide military users 10 times more communications capability over existing systems, including simultaneous voice, video and data, leveraging 3G mobile communications technology.
* Launch window: 0043-0127 GMT on Jan. 21 (7:43-8:27 pm EST on Jan. 20)
The fourth spacecraft to be part of the Ocean Surface Topography Mission, Jason-3, will launch aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. Like its predecessors, the primary instrument aboard Jason-3 is a radar altimeter. Additional instruments include:
* a microwave radiometer
* DORIS (Doppler Orbitography and Radiopositioning Integrated by Satellite)
* Laser Retroreflector Array (LRA)
* Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver
Jason-3 will measure ocean surface topography to aid in ocean circulation and climate change research for NOAA, EUMETSAT, NASA and the French space agency, CNES.
* Launch time: 1842 GMT (1:42pm EST; 10:42am PST)